The ribosome is subjected to post-translational modifications, including phosphorylation, that affect its biological activity. Among ribosomal elements, the P-proteins undergo phosphorylation within the C terminus, the element which interacts with trGTPases or ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs); however, the role of phosphorylation has never been elucidated. Here, we probed the function of phosphorylation on the interaction of P-proteins with RIPs using the ribosomal P1-P2 dimer. We determined the kinetic parameters of the interaction with the toxins using biolayer interferometry and microscale thermophoresis. The results present the first mechanistic insight into the function of P-protein phosphorylation, showing that introduction of a negative charge into the C terminus of P1-P2 proteins promotes α-helix formation and decreases the affinity of the P-proteins for the RIPs.